Grands Travaux Speaker Biographies

Kent Barwick
Kent Barwick is president of the Municipal Art Society and director of the Metropolitan Waterfront Alliance, one of the Society's major initiatives. Mr. Barwick returned as the Society's president in 1999 after serving for several years as president of the New York State Historical Association. He previously served the Municipal Art Society as its president from 1983 to 1995 and its executive director from 1970 to 1975. Mr. Barwick was chairman of the NYC Landmarks Preservation Commission (1978-1983) and director of the New York State Council on the Arts (1975-1976). His board affiliations include the Brooklyn Bridge Park Coalition, the Catskill Center, the Clark Foundation, Glimmerglass Opera, Historic Hudson Valley, Hudson River Park Alliance, Museum Association of New York, New York Council on the Humanities, New York Foundation for the Arts, New York Parks and Conservation Association, Riverside South Planning Corporation, the Saint-Gaudens Memorial, the Seventh Regiment Armory Conservancy and the State Council on Waterways (chairman). A graduate of Syracuse University, Mr. Barwick also attended Harvard University as a Loeb Fellow.

Edward J. Blakely, Ph.D.
Edward J. Blakely is Dean of the Robert J. Milano Graduate School of Management and Urban Policy, New School University, NYC. He was the Lusk Professor of Planning and Development for the School of Urban Planning and Development, University of Southern California (1994-1999). Previously, he served as Professor and Chair of the Department of City and Regional Planning at the University of California at Berkeley (1986-1994). He is a leading scholar in the fields of planning, infrastructure, transportation and local economic development. Dr. Blakely is a policy advisor to the mayor of Oakland and advisor to the Los Angeles Public School District. He serves on a number of task forces and commissions at the local, state, national and international levels and is a Fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration. Dr. Blakely is the author of four books and more than 100 scholarly articles. His current book Fortress America (Brookings Press, 1997) with Mary Gail Snyder was named Choice Magazine's 1998 Academic Book of the Year. He received a Ph.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles.

Francois Chaslin
Francois Chaslin is an architect and architecture critic who was recently awarded the French Legion of Honor. He teaches at the School of Architecture in Lille and produces a weekly radio show devoted to architecture on the French station France Culture. He is a frequent contributor to the French press such as Le Monde, Nouvel Observateur and Libération as well as to a wide range of international publications. He was editor-in-chief of l'Architecture d'Aujourd'hui from 1987 to1994. Prior to that, he edited Cahiers de la recherche architecturale; Macadam; and Techniques et Architecture. He was the director of exhibitions of the public education department at the Institut français d'Architecture from 1980 to 1987; Director, Architecture Research Department, French Ministry of Urbanism; and an architectural researcher at the l'Ecole nationale des Beaux-Arts. He is the author of numerous works, including Les Paris de François Mitterrand, (Gallimard, 1985); La Grande Arche, Electa-Moniteur, (1989); Une Haine monumentale, an essay on the destruction of cities in former Yugoslavia; Descartes et Cie, (1997); and Deux conversations avec Rem Koolhaas, et cætera, (2001). Chaslin completed studies in urbanism, geography and sociology at the University of Paris-Vincennes (1968-1974), coursework with Jean Prouvé at the Conservatoire national des Arts et Métiers in Paris (1969), and studies in architecture at the University of Paris I and VI (1968-1979).

Jean-Louis Cohen, Ph.D.
Since 1998, Jean-Louis Cohen has been the Director of the Institut Français d'Architecture and since 1999 has been in charge of the Musée des Monuments Français. In 1997, the French Minister of Culture appointed him to create the Cité de l'architecture, a museum, research and exhibition center to be opened in 2002 in the Paris Palais de Chaillot. After having directed the Architectural Research Program at the Ministry of Housing, he held a research professorship at the School of Architecture Paris-Villemin from 1983 to 1996. In 1993, he was appointed to the Sheldon H. Solow Chair for the History of Architecture at New York University's Institute of Fine Arts, and in 1996 was given a chair in town-planning history at the Institut Français d'Urbanisme, University of Paris-VIII. He has been a curator for numerous exhibitions and his recent publications include European Architecture and the American Challenge 1893-1960, (1995) and Américanisme et modernité, l'idéal américain dans l'architecture, (ed.), (1993). Trained as an architect at the École Spéciale d'Architecture and at the Unité Pédagogique n° 6, in Paris, he took a Ph.D. in History at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in 1985.

Cynthia Davidson
Cynthia Davidson is an architecture editor and critic based in New York City. From 1991 to 2001 she was director of the "Anyone" project, an international and interdisciplinary think tank on state of the discipline of architecture at the turn of the millennium. She is the editor of the architecture tabloid magazine ANY (1993­2000) and of two book series produced by the "Anyone" project: ten volumes documenting the ten ANY conferences (Anyone, Anywhere, Anyway, Anyplace, Anywise, Anybody, Anyhow, Anytime, Anymore and Anything) and the Writing Architecture Series on architectural theory and criticism published by MIT Press. Previously she was editor of Inland Architect, a magazine based in Chicago. Ms. Davidson writes for a number of periodicals, including Architectural Record in New York, Arquitectura Viva in Madrid, and XXI in Ankara. She is the editor of two volumes on the Aga Khan Award for Architecture. A former Loeb Fellow of Harvard's Graduate School of Design, Ms. Davidson holds a degree in journalism and art history from Ohio Wesleyan University.

Jean-Claude Dumont
Jean-Claude Dumont is president of the Public Contracting Corporation in charge of cultural works under the authority of the French Ministry of Culture and Communication. The organization acts on behalf of the state and regional authorities as the contracting authority in building, conversion and renovation projects involving cultural buildings owned by the state. Some thirty national projects are currently under way, including the Grand Palais des Champs-Élysées, the Château de Versailles, several museums, theatres, and schools of architecture. He was director of the Grand Louvre Public Corporation from 1989 to 1998 in charge of remodelling the Louvre Museum and the Tuileries Gardens. He was head of the engineering department of the Public Housing Department at Senegal's City and Housing Planning Office before becoming the Head Engineer and later Managing Director of the Société d'aménagement des Halles from 1974 to 1989 as well as the Deputy Managing Director of the Société d'aménagement du secteur Plaisance. He is a graduate of Ecole Polytechnique (1964) and received a civil engineering degree from the Ecole des Ponts and Chaussées.

Prosser Gifford, Ph.D.
Prosser Gifford is the Director of Scholarly Programs at the Library of Congress, Washington DC. He has served as assistant to the President of Swarthmore College, Dean of Faculty at Amherst College and Deputy Director of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington DC. He was co-editor and contributor of Britain and Germany in Africa, (1967), France and Britain in Africa, (1971), Transfer of Power in Africa, (1982), Decolonization and African Independence, (1988), and Creating French Culture: Treasures from the Bibliotèque Nationale de France, (1995). He received at B.A. from Yale (1951), a B.A. from Oxford University (1993) where he was a Rhodes Scholar, an LL.B. from Harvard University (1956), a Ph.D. from Yale University (1964), an LL.D. from Doshida University, Kyoto, Japan and an L.H.D from Amherst College (1969). He is the former chairman of the Board of Trustees, Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory and a former Trustee of the Hotchkiss School and Concord Academy. He is a founding Trustee of the Architecture Research Institute, Inc.

Paul Goldberger
Paul Goldberger joined The New Yorker magazine as its architecture critic in July of 1997. In 1990 he was named cultural news editor of The New York Times and in 1994 he became the paper's chief cultural correspondent. Mr. Goldberger joined the staff of The New York Times in 1972, and was named architecture critic in 1973. Prior to joining the Times, he taught architecture criticism at the Yale School of Architecture. He is the author of several books, including the text for The World Trade Center Remembered (Abbeville Press, 2002) and Manhattan Unfurled, (Random House, 2002). He is now at work on a book that will tell the story of the redevelopment of the World Trade Center site in Lower Manhattan, to be published by Random House in 2003. Among his earlier books are the classic The City Observed: New York: An Architectural Guide to Manhattan, The Skyscraper, On the Rise: Architecture and Design in a Post-Modern Age, and Above New York. Mr. Goldberger graduated in 1972 from Yale University and has been awarded honorary doctoral degrees by Pratt Institute in New York, the Center for Creative Studies in Detroit and the New York School of Interior Design.

Robert Ivy, FAIA
Robert Ivy, FAIA, joined Architectural Record as Editor-in-Chief in October 1996. Previously, he had pursued parallel careers: as an architect with an active practice and as a critic for national publications. He is a fellow of the American Institute of Architects, the Philippine Institute of Architects, the Institute for Urban Design, a former regent of the American Architectural Foundation, and a peer reviewer for the U.S. General Services Administration. The American Business Press has cited his own editorial writing in its honors list. The author of numerous magazine articles, his book entitled Fay Jones, reissued in 2001, took top honors from the Art Library Society of North America. Today, Ivy is a frequent design awards juror and spokesperson for the profession, appearing as speaker or moderator and on television. He received degrees from two institutions: the University of the South, where he majored (with honors) in English; and from Tulane University, where he received a degree in architecture. In 2002, the U.S. Department of State appointed Ivy as U.S. Commissioner to the Venice Biennale in architecture.

Joel Kotkin
Joel Kotkin is a Senior Fellow at the Davenport Institute for Public Policy at Pepperdine University and a Senior Fellow at the Milken Institute in Santa Monica. Kotkin is the author of The New Geography, How the Digital Revolution is Reshaping the American Landscape, (2001). He was Business Trends Analyst for KTTV/Fox Television in Los Angeles where, in 1994, he won the Golden Mike Award for Best Business Reporting on the changing dynamics of the entertainment industry. Mr. Kotkin wrote the monthly Grass Roots Business column in the New York Times' Sunday Money & Business section for nearly three years. He is currently a columnist for Reis.com, and a contributing editor to the Los Angeles Times Sunday Opinion Section. For five years he served as West Coast editor for Inc. Magazine and continues to contribute on a regular basis. His work has also appeared in The Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, and Forbes ASAP. He is the author of: Tribes: How Race, Religion and Identity Determine Success In the New Global Economy, (1993), The Third Century -- America's Resurgence in the Asian Era, (1988), California, Inc., (1982). A history of cities from the earliest settlements to the present is the subject of Kotkin's next book, (Modern Library/Random House). Mr. Kotkin attended the University of California, Berkeley.

Thomas Krens, Ph.D.
Thomas Krens is Director of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York and Director and Trustee of The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, New York. He is a member of the Association of Art Museum Directors, the Advisory Board of the Yale School of Management, the Board of Directors of the Aspen Institute Italia, the Réunion des Musées Nationaux Paris, France, the Council on Foreign Relations, and the Société Kandinsky, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France. He has been Adjunct Professor of Art History and Assistant Professor of Art at Williams College as well as Director of the Williams College Museum of Art. He has served as Chairman of the Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art in North Adams, Massachusetts and Professor of Art History at the Zentrum für Kunst und Mediatechnologie at the University of Karlsruhe, Germany. Mr. Krens was educated at Williams College, and holds a Business degree from the Yale School of Management and a Masters degree in Art from the State University of New York at Albany. He received the honorary degrees of Doctor of Humane Letters from the State University of New York, Doctor of Fine Arts from Williams College, and Doctor of Fine Arts from the School of Visual Arts, New York. He was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Americans for the Arts in 2000 and the Special Prize Golden Lion at the Venice Architecture Biennale, 2000.

Harvey Molotch, Ph.D.
Harvey Molotch is Professor of Sociology and Metropolitan Studies at New York University. He has been Centennial Professor at the London School of Economics and on faculties at Northwestern, Essex, Stonybrook, Lund, and for many years, the University of California Santa Barbara. His most recent book, Where Stuff Comes from (Routledge, 2003), examines industrial design, urban development, and modern consumption. A prior work, Urban Fortunes won the Robert Park Award and was also named Distinguished Contribution to Sociology (1990). Among his other publications (about 150 articles, reviews, and chapters) are the books Building Rules (with Ken Warner), Managed Integration, and Impacts of Growth. He received a B.A. from the University of Michigan (1963), and a Ph.D. from the University of Chicago (1968).

Elliott Sclar, Ph.D.
Elliott Sclar is Professor of Urban Planning and Public Affairs at Columbia University. He holds senior academic appointments in the Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation and the School of International and Public Affairs. He is a specialist in urban land development in very large cities with extensive experience in community development planning. He has written several important papers on urban development strategies for regional growth. His recent paper One More Chance: Cities and the 21st Century Economy was published in Restoring Broadly Shared Prosperity, edited by former Labor Secretary Ray Marshall. His book on privatization for the Century Foundation You Don't Always Get What You Pay For: The Economics of Privatization, (Cornell University Press, 2000), won two major academic prizes, the Louis Brownlow Award for the Best Book of 2000 from the National Academy of Public Administration and the 2001 Charles Levine Prize from the International Political Science Association for a major contribution to the public policy literature. He received a B.A. from Hofstra University (1963) and a Ph.D. from Tufts University (1972).

Bernard Tschumi
The principal of Bernard Tschumi Architects, Bernard Tschumi is the recipient of distinguished honors including France's Grand Prix National d'Architecture and Legion of Honor, as well awards from the American Institute of Architects and National Endowment for the Arts. His architectural work has been widely exhibited throughout Europe and the United States. He is the author of eight books, including Event-Cities and Architecture and Disjunction. Mr. Tschumi is the former Dean of Columbia University's Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation. With offices in New York and Paris, his firm has received numerous national and international awards for projects including Paris's Parc de la Villette (a Grands Travaux), Le Fresnoy National Studio for Contemporary Arts, Marne la Valle School of Architecture, and New York's Alfred Lerner Hall. Projects currently under design include the New Acropolis Museum, Athens, the Museum for African Art, New York, the Museum for Contemporary Art, Sao Paulo, an Athletic Center in Cincinnati, and the architectural direction of the 2004 International Exposition in Paris. Tschumi studied in Paris and at the Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich, Switzerland, from which he received his degree in 1969.

Beverly Willis, FAIA
Beverly Willis, FAIA, is President/Director of the Architecture Research Institute, Inc., New York and Co-Chair of Rebuild Downtown Our Town, the civic voice of Lower Manhattan. She began her career as a multi-media artist. She was licensed as an architect in 1966 and honored with a Fellowship by the American Institute of Architects in 1980. Her best known building is the San Francisco Ballet Association Building and School, San Francisco Civic Center. Dartmouth College selected Willis to serve as Montgomery Fellow in 1992, while she was writing her book, Invisible Images - The Silent Language of Architecture, (National Building Museum, 1997). Among the recent papers she has written are Towards a Sustainable City ­ Rebuilding Lower Manhattan, 2002, Creating Sustainable Urban Environments: Future Forms for City Living, Christ Church, Oxford University; Re-examining the Courtyard Block: A Megacity Family Habitat, Megacity 2000 Conference, University of Hong Kong; Megacities: Re-examining the Sidewalk as Public Space, 1977 Second International Symposium on Asia Pacific Architecture. She wrote a chapter Towards a Sustainable City for the book City and Gender, (Leske+Budrich Publishers, Hanover, Germany, 2002). She is a founding Trustee of the National Building Museum, Washington, DC. She studied engineering at Oregon State University and received a BFA degree from the University of Hawaii in 1954. Mount Holyoke College awarded her an honorary doctorate in Fine Arts in 1984.